What is nougat?
Nougat (<Lat. nux gatum, nut cake) is a candy that is traditionally found in the countries around the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Nuts and honey which are found in abundance thanks to the warm climate, are essential ingredients to any variety of nougat.
In Spain for example, which is very well known for its almonds, we can find them back in the Spanish nougat varieties turrón and jijona.
And Italy was always famous for hazelnuts from Piemonte and pistachios from Sicily, so hence they have been included in their so-called torrone.